Amsterdam’s Choir of the Great Synagogue 1935


November 1935, on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the NIHS Jewish Community of Amsterdam (orthodox Ashkenazi congregation started 1635) the dutch film factory Polygoon brought this unique cinema sound newsreel of the Amsterdam Choir of the Great Synagogue led by choirmaster Samuel Henri (Sam) Englander, with a solo perfomance by chazzan (cantor) Izrael Eljasz Maroko in the Great Synagogue (inauguration building 1671) – now home to the Jewish Historical Museum in Amsterdam, Holland (Ref 1).

As the Amsterdamsche Joodsche Koor (Amsterdam Jewish Choir), the choir also performed in non-religious venues, including the Amsterdam Concertgebouw (Ref 2). The choir’s repertoire was expanded to include what were referred to as Eastern European Jewish folksongs and modern Palestinian-Jewish songs (i.e., contemporary Hebrew songs).
The Choir of the Great Synagogue and Amsterdam Jewish Choir was composed of the following singers (those marked with an asterisk sang during synagogue services):

Giacomo Aletrino (tenor)
Marcus Bonn (bass)
Joop Delcanho* (tenor)
David Duque (bass)
Michel Gobets (tenor)
Nathan Gobets Sr.* (tenor)
Barend Levie Muller* (bass)
Meijer Nebig* (baritone)
Lou Nieweg* (tenor)
David Peeper* (baritone)
Louis Polak (bass)
Jo Rabbie* (baritone)
Sal Stodel (baritone)
Bernard de Wit (bass)
Louis de Wit* (bass)
Of all of them, only Lou Nieweg is known to have survived the Second World War.

NL (dutch)

November 1935, ter gelegenheid van het 300-jarig bestaan van de NIHS Joodse Gemeenschap van Amsterdam (de Asjkenazische gemeente Amsterdam of ‘Nederlands Israëlitische Hoofd Synagoge’) kwam het Polygoon bioscoopjournaal met deze unieke geluidsfilm van het Amsterdams Koor der Grote Synagoge onder leiding van koordirigent Samuel Henri (Sam) Englander, met een solo van oppervoorzanger Izrael Eljasz Maroko in de Grote Synagoge in Amsterdam (inwijding gebouw 1671) – nu het Joods Historisch Museum (Ref 1).

Het koor trad ook op als het Amsterdamsche Joodsche Koor op niet-religieuze locaties, waaronder het Amsterdamse Concertgebouw (Ref 2). Het uitgebreide repertoire van het koor omvatte ook zogenaamde Oost-Europese Joodse volksliederen en moderne Palestijnse-Joodse liederen (d.w.z. hedendaagse Hebreeuwse liederen).
Het Koor der Grote Synagoge en het Amsterdam Joods Koor bestond uit de volgende zangers (die met een asterisk gemarkeerd, zongen tijdens synagoge-diensten):

Giacomo Aletrino (tenor)
Marcus Bonn (bas)
Joop Delcanho * (tenor)
David Duque (bas)
Michel Gobets (tenor)
Nathan Gobets Sr. * (tenor)
Barend Levie Muller * (bas)
Meijer Nebig * (bariton)
Lou Nieweg * (tenor)
David Peeper * (bariton)
Louis Polak (bas)
Jo Rabbie * (bariton)
Sal Stodel (bariton)
Bernard de Wit (bas)
Louis de Wit * (bas)
Alleen van Lou Nieweg is bekend dat hij de Tweede Wereldoorlog heeft overleefd.

References

1. De Eerste Zichtbare Synagoge Van West-Europa. Amsterdam (Netherlands) : Joods Historisch Museum | jck.nl ; (accessed 2019 Aug 30). Link URL: https://jck.nl/nl/longread/de-grote-synagoge
2. Anton Kras. The Choir of the Great Synagogue, Amsterdam, Holland. Tel Aviv (Israel) : Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot | http://www.bh.org.il ; (accessed 2019 Aug 30). Link URL: https://www.bh.org.il/choir-great-synagogue-amsterdam/

Credit / Source info :
Source: Polygoon-Profilti courtesy of Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Public Domain – Open Images).
Amsterdam’s Choir of the Great Synagogue 1935 (20190830) Michel van der Burg | miracles.media – CC BY 4.0 .

Amsterdam Sjabbos Screening


① memo 20190828 ~ Amsterdam Sjabbos Screening ~ Projection installation in the Amsterdam Jewish Historical Museum (Dutch: Joods Historisch Museum) occupying four former synagogues – showing images of cantor Maroko in the Great Synagogue (Dutch: Grote Synagoge) also used in the 1932 documentary film Sjabbos | Friday Night (1932 by G.J. Teunissen) posted recently https://wp.me/s14gqN-sjabbos
Here filmed during a visit at the Joods Historisch Museum with filmmakers Richard an Karen Bloom , Saturday May 10, 2014.

Forgotten Westerbork Film Reel…F1015


Recently, I posted the ‘Westerbork Film – full version (RVD)’, with the details of what has been known as the Westerbork Film (Ref. 1).

When, in 1986, the raw film footage of the Westerbork Film moved from the archives of the Filmmuseum in Holland to the archive of the Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD – ie the Dutch National Centre for Information), the RVD conservator mounted the film reels together into 4 parts : Akte 1 , Akte 2 , Akte 3 , and Akte 4 (Acts 1 to 4) of the Westerbork Film.

More recently -in the 1990s – during the inventory and further research of the film (Ref 1) it was concluded by Gerard Rossing and Koert Boersma, that altogether 9 film reels had ended up in the Westerbork Film.
Reels number 1 and 2 were glued together in ‘Act 1 (Akte 1)’, reels 3 and 4 in Act 2, reels 5 and 6 in Acte 3, and reels 7, 8 and 9 in Acte 4 (Ref. 1, 2, 3).

That research also (re)discovered two new film reels – that had been forgotten in the archives of the Filmmuseum.

One reel – originally the 10th reel of the Westerbork film – and numbered in the 1950s as reel 9a was considered in poor condition and had been classified (cat. # F1015) and forgotten in the Filmmuseum archives (Ref. 4, 5).

Below that footage the: Forgotten Westerbork Film Reel…F1015

These 13 minutes film footage contain the following scenes :

– 1. Young woman in overalls attaches sign to camp sign (Verwaltung, Hauptmagazin, Industrie, Kleiderkammer), 10 sec. – 2. Religious Service in the Great Hall, March 5, 1944: 2 min 42 sec. – 3. Shoe repair, alternative shot: 37 sec.
– 4. Aircraft disassembly and short scenes in other factories.

References

1. Michel van der Burg. 2019 June 5. Westerbork Film – full version (RVD). Netherlands : Michel van der Burg | Settela.com ; (accessed 2019 Jun 15). Short-link https://wp.me/p91enH-1x

2. ‘Kamp Westerbork gefilmd’ by Koert Broersma and Gerard Rossing (editors Dirk Mulder and Ben Prinsen); ISBN 9023232658

3. Gerard Rossing and Koert Boersma, Kamp Westerbork Gefilmd (1997), pp. 86-88.

4. Gerard Rossing and Koert Boersma, Kamp Westerbork Gefilmd (1997), pp. 89-90.

5. Unesco.org – Memory of the World – Westerbork films (accessed 20190605)

Credit

EN – Forgotten Westerbork Film Reel…F1015. Scaled, otherwise unedited footage F1015.
Source Beeld en Geluid (2-1167 | former cat.nr. F1015) , accessed at US Holocaust Memorial Museum (copy Film ID 2242 – license Public Domain) , courtesy of Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid. Footage filmed by Rudolf Breslauer in 1944.
Forgotten Westerbork Film Reel…F1015 (20190615) Michel van der Burg | Settela.com – CC BY 4.0