Cinema propaganda newsreel (Polygoon) September 1940 on a rush for portrait photos needed for the ‘Persoonsbewijs’ , the ID card.
After the German invasion in 1940 the Dutch aged 15 and older were required to carry identity cards (called ‘persoonsbewijs’). This later led to the death of many people.
Polygoons Hollands Nieuws newsreel courtesy of Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images).
① memo 20190825 ~ Nobody No Longer Nobody – ID Card Propaganda 1940
Menno Huizinga (1907–1947) took photographs illegally during the occupation , mainly in his hometown The Hague in Holland.
He was a member of the group of Dutch photographers ‘De Ondergedoken Camera’ (1943-1945) – The Underground Camera – doing resistance work during the Second World War.
‘Liberation Holland – The Underground Camera of Menno Huizinga’ is a silent film by Michel van der Burg , using photographs made by Menno Huizinga from the public domain collection of the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies , curated by Dutch Network War Collections (NOB) for WO2 Open Data Depot via Wikimedia Commons.
Liberation Holland ~ film (20190606) by Michel van der Burg | Settela.com – CC BY 4.0
Europe 1 — Winston Churchill that sunny Sunday afternoon of 9 May 1948 on the Dam square in the heart of Amsterdam at the European rally “Europe 1” addressing the crowd with a “V” sign , saying :
“We hope to reach again a Europe … in which men will be proud to say, ‘I am a European’ …. a Europe where men of every country will think as much of being a European as of belonging to their native land, and that without losing any of their love and loyalty of their birthplace.
We hope wherever they go in this wide domain, to which we set no limits in the European Continent, they will truly feel “Here I am at home. I am a citizen of this country too”.
Film made using public domain footage offered by Beeld en Geluid via Open Images ( https://www.openbeelden.nl/media/1152285 )
① memo 20190513 ~ I am a European – Churchill
① memo 20190508 ~ The Chamber ~ Conference room, Chamber of Representatives, Palace of the Nation in Brussels , Belgium